Baltic Challenge is a comprehensive program of scientific-technological prepared and realizes by the European Space Foundation.
Its aim is to initiate and support the development of efficient space and robotic technologies for the purpose of exploration and exploitation of the aquatic and hard to access environment of the seas and inland water on the Earth and on the other planets and their moons:
- robots and remote-controlled underwater devices, rovers and drones
- control, navigation and positioning solutions
- observation and measuring satelites
- data processing and spatial mapping
Satellite techniques in conjunction with the work of robots and drones may find wide applications in many fields related to maritime and inland waters, as well as in various fields of business and science, e.g.:
- maritime and inland waterways transport
- mining industry (mining of coal and ore, oil and gas extraction)
- chemical and cosmetic industry
- food industry
- agricultural and forestry
- drainage and regulation of water retention
- power engineering, hydropower and wind energy (on water areas)
- underwater research (hydrology, biology, archeology)
- …and many others
Activities of the Baltic Challenge include, among others, educational projects and counseling and support for innovative ideas and projects, using advanced solutions in the field of space and robotics technologies.
Solutions may also be used in research and identification of threats to the Baltic Sea ecosystem, with particular emphasis on the possibility of elimination or neutralization of potential sources of water pollution, as well as the development of solutions in the field of inland waters servants improve to the potential quality and quantity of water resources in Poland.
GENESIS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECT
The name of the project Baltic Challenge was adopted by the organizers due to two very important issues that for at least a few decades will be a challenge for the Polish and Baltic countries in connection with the environmental problems of the environment of the Baltic Sea and water resources in Poland.
The main problem associated with the huge burden of the aquatic environment of the Baltic Sea is pollution of various kinds of industrial and municipal waste, carried by the rivers, mainly from the catchment:
- Odra River from the mouth to the Szczecin Lagoon in the vicinity of Police in Poland
- Vistula mouth to Gulf of Gdansk near Gdansk in Poland,
- Neman River from the mouth of the Curonian Lagoon in the area Szyłokarczmy in Lithuania,
- Daugava River from the mouth of the Gulf of Riga in the area of Riga in Latvia,
- Neva River from the mouth of the Gulf of Finland near St. Petersburg in Russia,
and remain on the sea bottom, sunken after the end of World War II unnecessary inventory dangerous chemical weapons.
For this reason, a substantial part of the project with its range includes activities related to the ecology of the Baltic Sea and water resources in Poland and other Baltic countries.
The main goal of the project is to undertake intensive efforts to clean up the Baltic Sea, especially along the Polish coast from lying on its bottom chemicals and to initiate international cooperation in the protection of the aquatic environment of the Baltic Sea.
Water Resources in Poland
The second issue in the project concerning the natural aquatic environment is the problem of water resources in Poland.
Despite the apparently excellent natural conditions, as well as the basin of the two largest rivers in this region of Europe (Oder and Vistula), Poland is threatened by water deficit. This is related among other things to the fact that the drainage system is for decades neglected, yet highly neglected issue is primarily the so-called small retention and ways to save water.
A separate and very important issue is the quality of water and influence of the pollution on its state, especially from agricultural sources (leached from the soil fertilizers, mainly nitrogen and phosphorus, and pesticides), but also industrial and municipal waste water.
The part of the project related to water resources in poland Polish focuses therefore to initiate a broad cooperation between different Polish regions and between the economic ministries, so that the issue of raising the abundance and quality of water in Poland has become one of the key themes of sustainable economic development associated with responsibility for the natural environment.
TASKS ON BALTIC CHALLENGE PROJECT